Bhutan is a land-locked country located between India and China. Bhutan is geopolitically in South Asia and is the region’s second least populous nation after the Maldives. Thimpu is its capital and also the largest city, while Phuntsholing is its financial centre. Bhutan had a population of 770,000 people in 2015. There are 1,070 males to every 1,000 females. The literacy rate in Bhutan is 59.5 percent. Bhutanese people primarily consist of the Ngalops and Sharchops, called the Western Bhutanese and Eastern Bhutanese respectively. The Lhotshampa, meaning “southerner Bhutanese”, are a heterogeneous group of mostly Nepalese ancestry. Acc. To records, it has 74.7% Buddhist population, 24.6% Hindu population and remaining percentage are followers of Bon faith, Islam and Christianity. The national language is Bhutanese (Dzongkha), one of 53 languages in the Tibetan language family. The script, here called Chhokey (“Dharma language”), is identical to classical Tibetan. Let’s put light on “15 facts about Bhutan and also the reason why Indian Army is protecting Bhutan against Chinese Agression”
1. Bhutan is the first nation in the world to ban smoking and they also banned Polythene.
2. India and Bangladesh are the only 2 countries who have a residential embassies in Bhutan.
3. Foreigners except Indians, Bangladesh and Maldives are required to pay $250/day in Bhutan that covers touring and hotel accommodation. This money is utilized for good purpose like education.
4. Bhutan is the only country whose Carbon credit is negative, i.e. the forests produce more oxygen than the absorbed carbon dioxide, produced by pollution.
5. Highest point in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum at 7,570 metres (24,840 ft), which has the distinction of being the Highest Unclimbed Mountain in the world. Climbing is forbidden as it is considered sacred.
6. It is the only country whose biggest export(around 40%) is a renewable source of energy, i.e., electricity to India through dam built on numerous rivers.
7. There is only one International Airport in Bhutan located in Paro.
8. The forest cover in Bhutan makes up 72% of the total area.
9. Bhutan was the first country to recognize Bangladesh’s Independence in 1971.
10. Indians don’t need to carry any passport or have a visa to visit Bhutan and only an Identity card is enough. In the same way Bhutanese can work in India without any legal restrictions.
11. There are 16,000 military personnel in Bhutan, who are trained by Indian army.
12. Being a landlocked country, Bhutan has no Navy, no Air force or Army aviation corps. They rely on Eastern Air Command of the Indian Air Force for air assistance.
13. In year 2007, Bhutan had the second-fastest-growing economy in the world, with an annual economic growth rate of 22.4 percent.
14. Bhutan’s currency is the Ngultrum, whose value is fixed to the Indian Rupee. The Rupee is also accepted as legal tender in the country.
15. Internet and Television was banned in Bhutan before 1999.
Why India is helping Bhutan?
Answer to this is really simple but let’s first talk about what actually had been done which brought this issue in the first place. China tried to build a road in the Doklam region of Bhutan and building a road inside Bhutanese territory is a direct violation of the 1988 and 1998 agreements between Bhutan and China and affects the process of demarcating the boundary between these two countries.
Under the 2007 India-Bhutan Friendship Treaty, the two sides have agreed to cooperate closely with each other on issues relating to their national interests. Neither governments shall allow the use of its territory for activities harmful to the national security and interest of the other. As we already know that Bhutan doesn’t have a Navy and an Air force, so any major confrontation from Chinese side will force India to respond. China thinks India is using Bhutan and ignoring its sovereignty. But the truth is that India and Bhutan are allies from a long time and any attack on Bhutan is an attack on India.
We hope that you got to know about this small, beautiful, culturally rich country and the reason behind the current Chinese aggression towards India and Bhutan over Doklam issue.
Do share this article and let us know what are your thoughts on Bhutan and the current situation. Also, some of these beautiful pictures were provided by Ramsha Qamar(follow her on Instagram)