The Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh is situated in the Western Himalayas between 31°2 to 32°5 N and 75° to 77°45 E. In 1966, Kangra districts was added to Himachal Pradesh which was an Union Territory at that time. The district has a geographical area of 5,739 km. which constitutes 10.31% of the geographical area of the State. Kangra has a sex ratio of 1013 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 86.49%. The native people are the Kangri people and the native language is Kangri, which is very similar to Punjabi. The traditional dress for men was the kurta, pyjamas, and a woolen jacket used in winter. Women generally wear the salwar kameez and with the salwar Kameez girls and women take chuenni (“Chaddru” in local language.)
FACTS ABOUT KANGRA DISTRICT THAT YOU PROBABLY DON’T KNOW:
1. Most populous District with 1,510,075 residents.
2. Katoch dynasty of Kangra is known for being the oldest serving Royal Dynasty in the world .
3. Dharamshala is the wettest place in Himachal Pradesh.
4. As per records ancient name of the city Kangra was Bhimnagar founded by Bhima one of the Pandava brothers.
5. Masroor Rock Cut Temple, also known as Himalayan Pyramids and Wonder of the World for being likely contender for the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
6. Kangra is a composite word made out of Kaann (meaning ear) + gaddha (create/mold). This name was given to Kangra because of the famous ancient plastic surgeons of the region who were known to provide plastic surgery for royals who wanted to improve their looks and warriors who had lost facial features during wars.
7. Kangra witnessed an earthquake on 4 April 1905, where 1339 lives were lost in this place alone, and about 20,000 elsewhere.
8. Tea cultivation was introduced into Kangra valley about 1850.
9. Dharamshala has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi’s flagship Smart Cities Mission.
10. The British had planned to make Dharamshala the summer capital of India, but moved to Shimla after the disaster caused by 1905 earthquake.
11. Captain Ram Singh Thakuri from Khanyara, Dharamshala was an Indian Gorkha freedom fighter, musician and composer. He was the person who gave music to “Jana Gana Mana” and also composed patriotic songs including “Kadam Kadam Badaye Ja” and “Subh Sukh Chain” while serving in the Indian National Army.
12. Yol, a cantonment town in Kangra district, was the location of a Prisoner-of-war camp which hosted German soldiers in the First World War and Italian soldiers in the Second World War.
13. The Baijnath Temple is located in Himachal Pradesh, India, and is over 1,000 years old & is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
14. Brij Behari Lal Butail, the Speaker of the State Legislative Assembly who hails from Palampur, is the richest legislator of Himachal Pradesh.
15. Bir Billing is regarded as among the best in the world for Paragliding, hosted 1st paragliding world cup in India in the month of October 2015.
16. Palampur has a population of approximately 70,000 making it the biggest city in Kangra District leaving District Headquarter Dharamshala behind.
17. Sidhbari is a suburb of Dharamshala town named after a sage, Baba Sidh. It is believed by the locals that a dhuni (burning piece of wood) here has been burning for centuries and has never been extinguished even once.
18. Dharamkot, a village in Kangra District is popularly known as “Mini Tel Aviv” due to huge number of Israeli visitors who come here after completing their compulsory military service in Israel.
19. Tatwani is situated at a distance of about 35kms from Dharamshala and is famous for its Hot Spring which can cure many ailments like muscle ache, poor blood circulation, and even arthritis.
20. Palampur is also known as the ‘Tea Capital of North India’ due to its famous Tea Gardens and world famous “Kangra Tea”. The old Bundla Tea Estate complex, located near Palampur is over 200 years old.
We hope that you enjoyed reading about “20 Facts about Kangra district that you probably don’t know”. It is the second factual article from our 12 districts top facts series. Tell us about which district do you wanna know next! 😉