The western tragopan or western horned tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus) is a medium-sized brightly plumed pheasant found along the Himalayas from north-eastern districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in northern Pakistan in the west to Uttarakhand within India to the east. They are known as “Jujurana” in Himachal Pradesh. So today we will share “10 facts about Jujurana: our state bird which is an endangered species“
1) Our State animal Jujurana means “King of birds“. It was accorded the status of state bird of Himachal Pradesh in 2007.
2) The other name of the bird is western tragopan and is considered the rarest of all living pheasants.
3) The world population of Jujurana is estimated at fewer than 5,000 individuals, including a captive breeding population in Himachal Pradesh which numbered fewer than ten pairs in 2012.
4) CITES (the convention on International trade in endangered species of wild flora & fauna)has listed this species in Appendix I in order to discourage selling of its feathers. Representing the endemic bird area D02 of Western Himalaya, the western tragopan has been described as a range-restricted species.
5) Their preferred habitat is the dense under storey of temperate, sub-alpine and broad-leaved forest.
6) During summer the bird occupies the upper temperate forests between 2,400 and 3,600 meters, and in winter, dense coniferous and broad-leaved forests between 2,000 and 2,800 meters elevations.
7) The western tragopan is mostly arboreal(living in trees) but feeds on the ground. They feed mostly on leaves, shoots and seeds, but also consume insects and other invertebrates.
8) During the display they call and the song is a loud two-note ringing wou-weee which is repeated every second for long periods. The breeding season is May and June. They build their nests in low tree hollows.
9) They are sensitive to anthropogenic disturbance and avoid disturbed habitats (for instance, hydro-electric project development sites).
10) The species is highly endangered and globally threatened.
Jujurana, being the state bird and also an endangered species requires a special treatment and a strategy to be put into action in order to be thrived and restored as a species. We, as the citizens of this state has the moral duty to preserve them and everything should not be not considered as a job of the State government. We can contribute by raising awareness, conducting debates, signing petitions to grab the attention of government in case they don’t do something, we can form groups and a N.G.O which with the help of scientists and environmentalists can study these birds and see why there population is declining and figure what needs to be done. We are also not sure what exactly needs to be done but still sharing a vague idea is enough to initiate a meaningful movement.
Do share this article and share these facts and statistics with your friends and family members. Tell us if you have ever seen a Jujurana and what are your views on this problem through comments.